Autosclerosis is a commonly seen ear calcification problem. It is not seen anywhere in the body other than the inner ear. İtiş caused by genetic transformation. İt is usually seen on women more than men.
Patients who have Autosclerosis usually get hearing loss and ear ringing. Family history is an important subject in this situation. Hearing loss increases for women during pregnancy. Druign this process the symptoms that are seen with hearing loss are expressed as ‘’Autosclerotic inner ear illness’’. Usually, patients tend to speak in low volumes during examination. This occurs because of patient’s increased bone conduction. They hear their own voices more than they normally do. In addition to this, patients state thet they hear better in loud environments. This situation is known as ‘’Wİlls paracusis’’ when people speak louder in a loud environment.
Autosclerosis (ear Calcification)
Ear calcification is the movement limitation of the stirrup bpne as a result of calcification in the Wall area between the stirrup bone and the inner ear. Sound waves can not be transmitted since the stirrup bone can not move. Altough hearing loss is experienced, at first there are no problems in the inner ear. Just sounds can not be transmitted. Later with the inner ear being affected, nervous hearing loss may ocur.
Causes of Autosclerosis
The reasons are not specifically known yet but they are believed to be the following…
-race(usually seen more on caucasians)
Symptoms ocur late. Since it’s start is quiet it is hard to notice and illness gets bigger without the patient’s knowledge. Biggest symptoms are hearing loss and ringing in the ear. May happen in one ear or both increases more Daily.Dİzziness and balance problems acoompany as well.
Autosclerosis (ear calcification) Diagnosis
Hearing test is applied. Can not be spotted by tomography or MK but other ear problems are eliminated.
Can be tracked by hearing loss tests, hearing aid can be used in the case of hearing loss, drug treatment can be used or stapedectomy surgery can be used.
It is a from of surgery used in treatment for autosclerosis. Has a high chance of success. Stirrup bone is removed adn a metal prosthetis is placed in order to transmit soundwaves.
Post- stapedectomy surgery
An Overnight stay in the hospital(sometimes two)
A tampon is placed on the ear and taken out in 1-2 weeks
Ear drops may be necessary after the tampon is removed
2 days after the surgery no water must not touch the ear
İn first weeks, loud noises may distrub the patient
After 7-10 days patient can go back to their Daily life
Patient may start driving after the second week.
2 months after the surgery; diving,heavy physical activities,flying must be avoided.
Should be advised to a doctor if bad smells from the ear, increase in ringing in the ear ocur.
Complications of The Stapedectomy Surgery
Stapedectomy surgery may cause rare complications just like every other surgeries. It may cause; eardrum piercing, middle ear infection, taste malfunction, temporary or permanent facial paralysis.
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