If it is caused by a problem in the immune system, it is hashimoto’s thyroiditis
If it is after giving birth, it is post parthum thyroiditis
If theere is also stiffness in the thyroid glands, it is riedel thyroiditis.
What are thyroid illnesses?
Since the thyroid gland releases hormones to the blood, it’s malfunction causes various illnesses. Too much hormone release causes hyper thyroiditis. Too few hormone release causes hypothyroiditis.
Hypothyroiditis is the most common thyroid illness. Seen more on women, chances of it occuring increases as age increases. Hypothyroiditis’ most common cause is hashimoto’s thyroiditis. In this illness, your immune system attacks your thyroid gland and prevents it from producing enough hormones by harming it.
Hyper-thyroid’s most common cause is graves disease. Thyroid glands get bigger and start releasing too much hormones. This illness happens genetically. The anticorps prevent the ususal hormone production by warning the thyroid gland. Other causes are excessive hormone intake and thyroid inflammation. In addition, extreme growth of the htyroid gland and nodule occuring on the thyroid glands are other unnatural causes.
People who have hypothyroiditis may experience; weakness, quick exhaustion, intolarance to cold, skin thickness and dryness, hair and eyebrow loss, stiffness in voice, bradycardia, hypertension, constipation, period defect.
People who have hyperthyroiditis may experience; extreme anger, sleep deprivation, uneasiness, attention loss, emotional imbalance, hostile attitude, hands and feet shaking, intolarance to heat, weight loss, tachycardia, shortness of breath, hair loss, digestion system problems, exoftalmus, muscle and skeleton system malfunctions.
What someone should do when they think they have thyroid?
Caution is needen in thyroid gland illnesses. People who have the symptoms above need to consult to an expert doctor. Blood test and if necessary, thyroid ultrasonography is requested by the doctor. These tests will likely diagnose the illness. If the patient is still undiagnosed, a biopsy of the thyroid gland may be requested.
Research shows that hypothyroiditis patients get hormone replacement treatment. Hypothyroiditis does not have any other treatment methods and usually requires life time medication taking.
Hyperthyroiditis patients take drugs that prevent too much hormone production. If this does not work, radioactive iodine can be applied. If any of these methods do not work, thyroid gland is removed surgically.
If the patient only has basic thyroid growth and does not additional thyroid defects, thyroid gland can be removed surgically for aesthetic purposes and respitory comfort.
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